401 (k) Plan Overview. A 401 (k) plan is a qualified plan that includes a feature allowing an employee to elect to have the employer contribute a portion of the employee’s wages to an individual account under the plan. The underlying plan can be a profit-sharing, stock bonus, pre-ERISA money purchase pension, or a rural cooperative plan.
401(k) Plan Overview | Internal Revenue Service
Saving for retirement is an important part of a long-term financial plan, even if you don’t get help with a 401(k) through work. In 2020, some 33% of private industry workers didn’t have access to …
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Do I need a 401(k) if I don’t have an employer?
Often the first thing advisors recommend to those who don’t have an employer-sponsored 401 (k) is opening a Roth individual retirement account, where you’d set up your own contributions with after-tax dollars.
Is it possible to access 401 (k) funds?
While it is possible to access 401 (k) funds under certain circumstances, the IRS has very specific restrictions, and the companies sponsoring these plans may add rules that put additional limits on what you can do with the money.
Can an employer make additional contributions to a 401 (k) plan?
If the plan document permits, the employer can make additional contributions (other than matching contributions) for participants, including participants who choose not to contribute elective deferrals to the 401 (k) plan. If the 401 (k) plan is top-heavy, the employer may be required to make minimum contributions on behalf of certain employees.
Can I put more into my 401 (k) if I am self-employed?
If you are self-employed you can actually start a 401(k) plan for yourself as a solo participant. In this situation, you would be both the employee and the employer, meaning you can actually put more into the 401(k) yourself because you are the employer match!
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